Quaderni del Dipartimento di Lingusitica 7 (1996)
Laura Bafile, Sulla rappresentazione delle strutture metriche ternarie
The metrical representation of antepenultimate stress has always been a controversial issue of metrical theory. The paper deals with this problem by taking into account data from Italian and relate dialects, particularly with respect to adaptation of loanwords and to pronunciation of foreign words. The idea here embraced is that antepenultimate stress pattern in these languages cannot be forced into a binary structure and must instead be represented like a sole, 'flat' ternary foot. If we consider the foot as a domain of licensing relations, however, positing a ternary constituent may be problematic, in that it has the undesiderable effect of producing non-local structure. By discussing data from Southern Italian dialects which show quantitative effects of internuclear licensing, it is here argued that the constraint on binary must hold at the level of licensing relations, while it needs not to extend to the stress domain, where ternary as well as binary structure is allowed.
Arianna Cresti, La risalita dei pronomi clitici con l'infinito
In this paper are analized the clitic-climbing conditions with the infinitive from the Tuscany spoken variety of San Gimignano (Siena).
The norm deviations occur also in the other Tuscan varieties and they are well attested in Old Italian and in the literary language.
The ipothesys is that they are residual forms of Old Italian and that they are to refer to the same system that evolved by enclitic to proclitic in the contemporary Italian. We can thus understand also some analogies with modern European Portuguese, the only romance contemporary language preserving a variant of Tobler Mussafia Law.
Gabriella del Lungo Camiciotti, Evaluation in economic and financial news
This paper deals with the analysis of economic/financial news articles. In particular it focuses on the key feature of 'evaluation' which characterises this type of news text and which is mainly expressed by attribution.
Mirko Grimaldi, Salento meridionale e metafonia: una questione da riaprire?
On the bases of fieldwork in the extreme Southern Salento, the author found a widespread presence of metaphonetic process concerning the outcome of short E/O, very similar to the Sardinian one. This goes against the generally accepted view on the subject. The research furthermore brought to light the existence of many forms with the lexicalized diphthongs for short E, as well as two types of harmony. All these data, analyzed here in the theoretical framework of Government Phonology, allows us to characterize the area as very archaic and conservative.
Artan Haxhi, Il presente indicativo nella prosa di Fishta
In the present work I investigate the verbal system in the writings of the Albanian author Gjorgji Fishta of the second half of XX century. Fishta writes in a Gheg dialect, spoken in the Northern regions of Albania. Besides Gheg dialectal forms, Fishta's material also includes standard Albanian forms, namely forms attested in contemporary spoken language. Moreover, this material also includes peculiar forms which are attested nowhere else in writing.
In Fishta's works, two types of indicative present forms are attested:
a) synthetic forms having personal endings partly identical with those of corresponding standard forms;
b) analytic forms built by means of the present of the auxiliary jam "be" followed by the Gheg gerund (tue).
Massimo Moneglia, Prototypical vs. non-prototypical predicates: ways of understanding and the semantic partition of lexical meaning
In the paper it is argued that there is a purely semantic partition in the lexicon of natural languages between two kinds of meanings. Such a result is obtained through the application of a specific pragmatic methodology (see Moneglia 1993) which shows that some verbal predicates, whose meaning designs a prototypical instance of the concept, have a prototypical application, while, on the contrary, other predicates do not design any instance of the concept and are applied through necessary and sufficient conditions. This paper proposes an explanation for the partition between prototypical and non-prototypical predicates which relies on gnoseological factors.
Nazario Pierdominici, Casi di ambiguità illocutoria in ebraico israeliano
A few instances of ambiguous illocutionary acts in Israeli Hebrew are examined in this article. Illocutionary ambiguity is discussed within the framework of Grice's principle of co-operation, while the task of identifying the correct illocutionary value of an act is described as an inferential process. Furthermore, the issue of non-verbal illocutionary operators in Israeli Hebrew is shortly dealt with, and the possibility that the tense or the aspect of a given verb may convey the illocutionary value of the utterance is explored.
Giovanna Princi Braccini, Inventario dei germanismi nell'Elementarium di Papia
It is well known that a sizable number of Germanic words got full right of citizenship not only in Romance languages (Italian, French, Spanish) but also in mediaeval Latin. This Inventory of the words of Germanic origin in Papias' Elementarium, the first authoritative and widespread dictionary produced by mediaeval lexicography, shows how pacifically a remarkable Longobard contribution to lexicon was received and added to the strata of Germanic words already present and assimilated in classical and late Latin.
Every entry of the Inventory is provided with a commentary on the sources and with the illustration of the Germanic word. The interpretation of some Longobard law terms is the result of the etymological solution offered by the author either for the first time in this paper or in former research (e.g. archid [= ariscild / adarscild] ‘the damaging of a hedge', aritraib ‘compensation for the destruction of a house', handigawere et arigawere ‘the ratification of a deal by shaking hands and by testis per aurem tractus', cadarfida ‘ancient laws handed down orally', pans ‘warrant').
Maria Patrizia Sciumbata, Gli usi e i valori di hkyr in Giobbe: un contributo dell'analisi paradigmatica alla datazione della lingua del testo
In identifying the late elements of Biblical Hebrew, the semantic method of paradigmatical-componential analysis offers its contribution, from a particular perspective. The analysis of the lexical field of the verbs of "knowledge" has led to the conclusion that the lexemes hkyr "to know", hkyr "to understand inductively", and hkyr "to experience" rose in Late Biblical Hebrew through the influence of yd‘ and the organisation of the field. This hypothesis is confirmed by the application to these lexemes of Hurvitz's criteria for determining the lateness of a linguistic factor. The presence of two of these lexemes in the poetical part of the book of Job provides an indication of its possible late dating.
Gloria Aurora Sirianni, Ai margini dei dialetti romagnoli: l'aspetto galloitalico del marradese (note di fonetica)
This article illustrates the historical phonetics of dialect of Marradi (FI), which presents characters of both Tuscan and Romagna varieties, utilizing data collected as part of a survey for the Atlante Lessicale Toscano.
Maria Chiara Strumbo, I costrutti della frase dipendente in alcuni dialetti meridionali
In this article I describe the sentential complementation in some dialects of three different southern Italian areas: Salento, south of Calabria and north-east of Sicily. The interesting fact is that these dialects, as the Balkan languages, lack infinitival clauses. An accurate analysis shows that the morphological infinitive exists in these dialects but it is used in a restricted number of cases triggering the process called "restructuring".
In accordance with other works, I distinguish two different types of finite clauses in these dialects: the first one introduced by the complementizer ka; the other one introduced by mu / ma / u in Calabrian, by ku in Salentino and by mi in Sicilian. Basing on the fact that mu / ma / u / ku / mi have to be adjacent to the verb, I conclude that the status of these particles is that of inflectional morpheme M(ood).