Quaderni del Dipartimento di Lingusitica 12 (2002)
Ubaldo Ceccoli, Clotilde Barbarulli, Luciana Brandi, Sulla 'nave' della metafora. Analisi di alcuni processi metaforici nell'italiano delle origini
Metaphorical uses of the word 'nave' (ship) in Italian language from the beginning to 1375 are examined. Metaphors are analyzed along the lines of the following categorization: metaphor 1 occurring as a complex phrase (i.e., SN of SN); metaphor 2, occurring as non adjacent segments within a sentence; analogal space, occurring as a text portion which might be literally interpreted but it acquires metaphorical sense with respect to the conceptual structure - the cognitive space - that is proper to the culture of that period. On the ground of the examined data, a definition of the several metaphorical meanings acquired by the word 'nave' is given, and a description of metaphorical processes as dynamic (non linear) systems is proposed.
David Smith, The lotus as tiger: aspects of the symbolism of the lotus in kàvya
This paper examines the symbolism of the lotus in classical Sanskrit poetry, with special reference to Asvaghosa, Kalidasa, and Ratnakara.
Patrizia Bellucci, Barriere linguistiche e barriere architettoniche. Ostacoli nello spazio urbano e nello spazio linguistico
This articles takes into account a project - promoted by the Comune di Firenze - aimed at reconnoitring the accessibility of urban spaces to disabled individuals; the project has already given rise to a printed booklet and to a web site. The present research shows that inadequacies involving the linguistic, communication and information studies aspects of the project have seriously impaired the ease of consultation and understanding of its results, even if from the point of view of the technical data collected, it has given rise to an archive of great extent and relevance.At the basis of this work lies the conviction that it is appropriate to study the technical use of language - concerning in this case architecture and urbanistics - as it is found in the communication from experts to non experts, taking really existing texts as a starting point.
Elisabetta Carpitelli, Nota su alcuni continuatori italo-romanzi del lat. altus nel lessico agricolo
We propose an analysis of the areal distribution of the outcomes of the latin ALTUS+suffixes from -ETU(M) and -INU(M) in the viticulture lexicon of the Northern Italian Dialects. These two groups of derived words refer to the same idea of a ground or an area planted with high vines.
Lisa Brunetti, On the differences between two focus positions in Italian
Focused items in Italian can fill two different positions in the clause: a lower one and a left peripheral one. In this paper I will show that the two positions display different prosodic, interpretive and semantic properties, and give a syntactic account for them. I shall propose that left peripheral focus behaves like a quantifier, which moves to the left to take scope. Postverbal focus instead either moves covertly to be associated to the same operator (in which case it displays the same properties as focus on the left), or it stays in situ, where it behaves like a variable and is unselectively bound by the existential closure operator. My account is an attempt to solve both problems deriving from 'prosodic'; accounts for focus and problems deriving from accounts based on a Focus feature.
Gloria Cocchi, Chiara Roncagli, An analysis of English web language and some syntactic implications
This work deals with Internet language, and in particular with the language we find in electronic commerce sites. The first part contains a discussion of the communicative situation and information structure, as well as an analysis of the various linguistic levels. In the second part we find a more detailed syntactic discussion, centred in particular on the parallelism between Internet language and other types of discourse, among which telegraphic language and child language.
Francesca Fici, La vita e il pensiero linguistico di N. N. Durnov
The name of Nikolaj Nikolaevi; Durnovo (1876-1937) is associated with the history of Russian dialectology and with the history of Russian language. The aim of this article is to present data of his scientific and personal biography, associated with a tragic period of Russian linguistics (the so called 'Affair of Slavists'). The starting point of my research is his Grammatical Dictionary, published in 1924, containing the very actual linguistic concepts of his time, and reflecting his scientific approach, based on Fortunatov's principle of the 'grammatical form.
Stefania Pavan, Un poeta e la lingua: Iosif Brodskij
This essay is but an attempt to define the fundamental themes in Brodsky's poetry. The most important of these themes is the language, which can be called his paramount theme. Aesthetics, ethics, memory, life, history, everything depends on the language. Moreover, it can be said that Brodsky as a poet would like to comprehend its ontological essence. His language is not a simple mean of communication, it is a real all-embracing theme because - the only way she, the Muse, would reveal herself to a mortal, particularly a poet was through her voice. She was the voice of the language; and what a poet actually listens to, what does dictate to him the next line, is the language.
Belinda Crawford Camiciottoli, Sustained Content in EAP/ESP Reading Instruction
Sustained content is a recent trend in the area of content-based English language teaching. In this article, I review the development and key benefits of this new methodology. I then describe a practical application in an EAP/ESP reading course for Italian university students of business and economics. The effectiveness of the methodology was assessed through an analysis of post-course test data. The preliminary findings indicate that this application of sustained content instruction produced positive results. This model could also be applied to other EAP/ESP contexts that require students to read challenging authentic texts typically aimed at a readership of sophisticated native speakers.
Christina Samson, Negotiating academic knowledge: The use of person markers in contemporary written economics lectures
Most linguistic and interactional analysis has focussed primarily on spoken academic discourse. However, viewing written text as dialogic, this study explores how the use of person markers, in contemporary written economics lectures, may correspond to the writer's projection in his/her text. The investigation suggests that person markers allow the writer to perform various roles and take a stance towards the text, the readers as well as the scientific/academic community when negotiating his/her knowledge.
Beatrice Salvadori, Sviluppo comunicativo e linguistico nei primi anni di vita: lingua italiana, lingua dei segni e metodo bimodale, tre bambini a confronto
This paper analyses the existence of definite stages of linguistic development in the first two years of live of children. We review a study of Caselli and Volterra (1990) which presented linguistic data about two children: an American deaf girl, exposed only to the sign language and a hearing Italian boy, as control. To this data we add a further comparison with an Italian deaf girl educated with the - bimodal method -: trying to verify if this method, which reproduces the normal stages of cognitive and linguistic development, produces outcomes which fit with the normal linguistic development. The data we exposed allow us to evidence lots of similitude between the linguistic development of the three children.