Quaderni del Dipartimento di Linguistica 15 (2005)
Laura Bafile, Struttura sillabica e consonanti finali in varietà italiane
The paper deals with the behaviour of word final consonants in light of the parametric syllable theory known as Government Phonology. Among the principles that determine syllable structure, Coda licensing imposes that a coda be licensed by a following onset. Final consonants are no exceptions, and crosslinguistic evidence shows that final segments that are usually considered to occupy a coda position are in fact onsets licensed by a following empty nucleus. The paper argues that Italian does not sanction empty nuclei, and shows how final consonants, found in words that have recently entered Italian lexicon, must be adapted to allow the conditions for phonological licensing.
Andrea Nuti, La frase possessiva: alcune note in prospettiva tipologica, con particolare riferimento alla rilevanza dei parametri classificatori
In this paper I advance remarks on the possessive sentence from a typological point of view. The starting point of my analysis is data offered by ancient languages like Old Irish and, to a minor extent, Latin. The major predicative possessive types of Old Irish are briefly examinated and my conclusions are discussed with reference to the set of general features commonly ascribed to possessive sentences in typological studies. The discussion will focus on oppositions between basic sentence structures such as “have-contructions” vs. “belong-constructions” and major vs. minor possessive constructions, as well as on the criteria adopted in recent typological surveys for a classification of possessive sentences. My final remarks will focus on the significance of the syntactic status and the informative/pragmatic functions displayed by presentative-existential and copular verbs (and their interaction with transitive types) in order to attain parameters effectively relevant for a typological classification of possessive predicative constructions.
Giovanna Princi Braccini, Precoci competenze linguistiche nell’erudizione storico-antiquaria: le presenze longobarde nel Glossarium Archaiologicum di Henry Spelman
Sir Henry Spelman’s Glossarium Archaiologium (never reprinted since 1667) includes a certain number of Longobard words among its headwords and others are quoted and discussed under Latin and English headwords. Longobard language is considered on the same level as Old High and Low German, when Old English words are discussed, not rarely with a method which anticipates the comparative method of the nineteenth century. In this article we offer an inventory of Longobard words. An introduction shortly presents the Glossarium (and its history) on the background of lexical studies in sixteenth and early seventeenth century England.
Rossana Stefanelli, Homerica: ainóthen ainōs, oióthen oíōs, állothen állōs
This article aims to clarify the syntactic and semantic features of two Homeric expressions (oióthen oíōs Il. VII, 39,226 and ainóthen ainōs Il. VII 96). We go beyond prior explanations that consider o.o. either as an abl+agg structure expressing comparison or as an idiom typically referring to contexts of individual fights. In our opinion, a more convincing explanation can not be found without a deeper analysis of állothen állōs.
Alessandro Gori, Tra “rinascita islamica”e riscoperta erudita. Note in margine ad un recente libro sull’Islam in Albania: Zhvillimi i kulturës islame te shqiptarët gjatë shekullit XX di Ramiz Zekaj
The article focuses on the content of the book Zhvillimi i kulturës islame te shqiptarët gjatë shekullit XX (The development of the Islamic culture among Albanians during the 20th century) by Ramiz Zekaj. The personality, the public activities and the written production of the author are briefly described in the frame of the Islamic revival in post-communist Albania. This recently published work is analyzed in its structure and its ideal and ideological dimensions to shed light on the role Islamic religion plays and shall perhaps play in the shaping of the contemporary nationalistic discourse of the Albanian intelligentsia.
Andrea Bigagli, Dall’olfatto al linguaggio. Proposta di un modello per la percezione degli stimoli linguistici e sua applicazione ad un caso clinico
The focus of this paper is to show a neurological based model for linguistic perception and its functioning. The architecture of the model has been inspired by Freeman’s neurological theory of the sense of smell perception. I transferred that theory to the sensitive modalities involved into linguistic perception considering another processing stage too: it sees frontal lobes activity as crucial for complex linguistic inputs comprehension, such as metaphors or sentence structural ambiguity. I represented the model by an algorithm and I illustrated its application analyzing the language of a brain damaged patient: he showed an informational stream dysfunction that compromised frontal lobe activity boxes.
Luciana Brandi, Linguaggio e comunicazione: dis/giunzioni autistiche
Three types of language impairments are described w.r.t. autism: 1) the severe phonological disorder whose neuro-patologies are similar to SLI; 2) the ecolalic language lacking in communicative capacity; 3) the ecolalic language provided with communicative capacity. Neurobiological hypothesis intersecting psycholinguistic ones are discussed to interpret the individual data.
Margareth Levitta Baldi, Tony André: professeur de français à Florence au début du XXe siècle
The author starts by giving the biography of Tony André, pastor, photographer and professor of French at the “Istituto Superiore di Magistero Femminile” in Florence in the beginning of the 20th century. The article examines the historical and legislative background of this institution and the statute of French language in the Italian school system between 1900-1922. There follows a critical analysis of the French teaching method described by T. André in his work Quelques réflexions sur l’enseignement du français en Italie.
Gloria A. Sirianni, Materiali e strumenti per uno studio su fitonimia e fitotassonomia prelinneane (1)
This work is the result of a many years inquiry into plants names and classification. It collects, not exaustively, source and studies of anthropology, medicine and magic, botany, phytotherapy, linguistics and lexicology. The first part of Materials and tools is divided into four sections: 1. fonts: it contains a brief list of the main physicians and naturalists; 2. texts: it is a review of herbariums, recipebooks etc.; 3. studies: it collects the works able to identify the more significative issues into researches on plants names and classification; 4. lexicons: it lists the more important works in the view of plants naming.
Giuseppe Vitolo, L’ausiliare nei dialetti di Salerno, Cetara, Castiglione del Genovesi e Salitto
This article presents a careful inquiry on the auxiliary systems of some Southern Italian dialects. These systems are characterized by an interesting distribution splitting between essere ‘to be’ and avere ‘to have’ according to the person and/ or the aspectual properties of the construction. In particular, in dialects like Salerno, Cetara, essere in the 3rd person contrasts with avere in the other persons of the present perfect paradigm; in other dialects, like Salitto, we find a paradigm in which essere occurs in all the persons except for the 3rd plural. This last organization recalls the typical split of person known in literature for central Italian dialects.
Benedetta Baldi, Leonardo M. Savoia, I media e la formazione dell’opinione pubblica. Alcune riflessioni sul rapporto tra informazione e globalizzazione
The subject of this paper is the relation between public opinion and the media with reference to globalization processes. The central issue is the possibility, as maintained by some scholars, that the restructuring of society determined by globalization affects both the nature of the information produced by the media and the formation of public opinion. The main finding concerns the modes of communication by television, in that they are characterized by a biographical, fragmented and emotional approach to events and people. Our idea is that these modes are inherent in communication and include oral or written linguistic communication as well. Other topics here considered are the cultural conditions under which the media are used and the fundamental questions of access to the media and democracy in the provision of information.
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