Quaderni del Dipartimento di Linguistica 19 (2009)
Alessio Agostini, Il "costruire" nelle iscrizioni sudarabiche: a proposito dei verbi bny e br'
The ancient South Arabian construction inscriptions show a phenomenon of lexical change which involves the principal verb indicating the "building" activity: the ancient bny is in fact replaced by br' in later times. We can recognize in the III century BC the period in which this modification started out. This study offers moreover the opportunity to outline some of the most spread stylistic traits which characterize construction inscriptions and in particular the use of these two verbs. We can also advance some hypotheses about this lexical substitution which is in all probability not consequent to a borrowing or to a lexical innovation, but it is due to a stylistic evolution that took place inside epigraphic South Arabian
[vai all'articolo] (232.71 KB)
Massimiliano Franci, Il causativo egiziano
The causative form, in linguistics, is an expression of an agent causing or forcing a patient to perform an action (or to be in a certain condition). All languages have ways to express causation, but they differ in the means. In some languages there are morphological devices (such as inflection) that change verbs into their causative forms, or adjectives into verbs of "becoming". Other languages employ periphrasis, with idiomatic expressions or auxiliary verbs. Many languages also have lexical causative forms. Following his studies on Egyptian Linguistics in this note the Author proposes an analysis of the Causation and the Egyptian Causative, from Ancient Egyptian to Late Egyptian, endings with Coptic.[vai all'articolo] (176.90 KB)
Alessandro Gori, "Popolare" e "colto" nell'Islam senegalese: una breve nota sullo šaykh Šu'ayb b. šaykh Ahmad Bamba (1918-1991) e sul testo della sua Qurrat al-'ayn
The article deals with the personality and activities of šaykh Šu'ayb b. šaykh Ahmad Bamba (1918-1991), son of the founder of the Murīdiyya mystical brotherhood in Senegal. The most important phases of the biography of the learned man are reconstructed and his crucial contribution to the formation of the doctrinal background of the brotherhood is underlined. Special attention is devoted to his handbook of Islamic traditional sciences, "Qurrat al-'ayn fī tamyīz ba'd farā'id al-'ayn", which enjoys an enourmous popularity among the followers of the Murīdiyya. The content of the work is analyzed in some detail and its twofold nature - learned and popular, local Senegalese and general Islamic - is highlighted. The Qurra is thus interpreted as a paradigmatic example of the ways Islamic culture uses to include pre-islamic elements in its frame and to influence local pre-islamic customs and usages[vai all'articolo] (113.33 KB)
Tesfay Tewolde, Relationship Among Verb Types and Internal. Plurals in Eritrean Semitic
Type A, type B and type C in Eritrean Semitic languages correspond to stem I and stem II (in the case of the first two) and to stem III and quadriradicals (in the case of type C) in other Semitic languages. Stems II and III were originally variants. They are described in the literature as reduplicatives, reciprocal plurals and/or verbal plurals.
In Eritrean Semitic languages too, type B and type C verbs can function as verbal plurals, reduplicatives or reciprocals. However, there are also reduplicative and reciprocal stems which are connected to the verb types. In fact, I assume the derivation of type B and type C from type A via the reduplicative stem. The reduplicative stem and the nominal internal plural have the pattern cacācvc (which becomes cäcacvc in Ge'ez and Tigrinya): a pattern which unifies the nominal and verbal internal plurals.
Luciana Brandi, Dall'atto psico-fisiologico ai neuroni specchio
In the first part, collected texts from Rivista di Filosofia Scientifica (1881-1891) are presented to show darwinian positivist conception of the body-mind continuity of evolution, with the aim to investigate the potential linking between that views and the modern systems of mirror neurons.
The theory of mirror neurons is examined w.r.t. two main implications for linguistic theory. First, it is compared to phonological theories, which assumesgestures as the primitives for characterizing phonological patterns; second, somatotopic semantic models are analyzed to question the relationships between action execution and linguistic action comprehension.
The aim is to raise questions about the need for levels of abstract representations in giving account of language cognition (even if not linguisticcompetence).
Stefania Lucchesini, Aree visive e linguaggio tra filogenesi e ontogenesi
According to Dikker et al. (2009), a finding on language comprehension violations of syntactic predictions can affect event-related potentials as early as 120ms, in the same time-window as early sensory processing. This effect, the so-called early left-anterior negativity (ELAN), has been argued to reflect word category access and initial syntactic structure building. Predictions about upcoming syntactic categories are translated into form estimates, which are made available to sensory cortices. This mechanism should explain the extreme rapidity of language comprehension and contribute to assess the robustness for a different solution concerning the emergence of syntax.[vai all'articolo] (60.38 KB)
Benedetta Baldi - Leonardo M. Savoia, Semantica delle lingue naturali: una breve rassegna
This brief survey presents and discusses some theoretical approach to natural languages semantics, dwelling in particular on the question concerning the relation between meaning and linguistic expressions. As pragmatics has pointed out, meaning is associated with sentences by virtue of an interpretive process, on which lexical items and morphosyntax simply impose constraints. We will try to investigate the nature of semantic components of natural languages and to explore the link connecting linguistic expressions and interpretation.[vai all'articolo] (615.01 KB)
Leonida Chillà, La distribuzione delle infinitive nei verbi modali nella variante di Squillace
In this paper we analyze the uses of U/MU in some dialects of southern Calabria. The rise of these particles is linked to the loss of infinitival clauses, a phenomenon that these dialects share with the Balkan languages. In the first section we introduce a brief summary regarding two different theories on the origins of U/MU from the latin MODO (theory basically proposed by Rohlfs) and UT (Alessio, Sorrento). We propose a series of examples which show that both elements are probably involved in the development of these particles. In the second section we start analizing the use of this particle in modal structures. Our aim is to show that U/MU always follows the negative element on (not) and in some cases can be merged in enclisis with this element and with the element pe (for). In the third section we will show how only with the verb volere (will) the use of this particle is systematic. With the verb potere(can-may) we basically find U/MU in negative or interrogative sentences and the verb that follows potere is always reflexive. However potere in all these sentences does not express a capability to do something, but only a weak probability or a desire to achieve something. The equivalent of the Englishmust is always expressed in these dialects by the periphrasis avere da (quite similar to the english have to) . U/MU are often found in this kind of periphrasis, as aju u/ mu... (aju u/mu fazzu is the equivalent of I have to do), but as it happens with the modal verb potere, if the periphrasis precedes a reflexive verb and the sentence does not express a real obligation or necessity, but only the probability of the achievement of the action, we may find the infinitival form without the particle.[vai all'articolo] (183.37 KB)
Ilaria La Mura, Evocare senso in comunicazione parlata-metafore cognitive e comunicazione parlata. Relazione tra frames e metafore
The linguistics metaphors and the frames are a important notion in the study of verbal communication. They allow people to quickly organize the events of the outside world, facilitating their understanding. This work has wanted to study the relationship between the cognitive frames and metaphors in the political language.[vai all'articolo] (134.78 KB)
Emanuela Marini, La ‘duplice sistematicità' dei termini tecnici. Un bilancio e i due nuovi casi di caedere "abbattere gli alberi" e di similitudo in Varrone
In the present paper the author tested how efficient the criterion of the ‘double systematicity' could be in the individuation of technical terms in Latin within the semantic fields of stone exploitation, agriculture and grammar. The appliance of this criterion allows for a scalar evaluation of the degrees of technicality of the analysed terms: the more (numerous) the semantically unique uses of a term are, the higher its degree of technicality is, which can furthermore increase with its integration into a group of words belonging to the same field and relating to it in terms of derivation and/or nominal compounding. Within the selected Latin techno-scientific fields, some cases of polysemy have been re-assessed as instances of lesser technicality, whereas a certain scalarity has also been discovered among degrees of high technicality.[vai all'articolo] (236.65 KB)
Evalda Paci, Osservazioni sull'uso dei casi e di alcuni sintagmi nominali nel Messale di Gjon Buzuku (1555)
This paper is an attempt to bring into light some cases of noun types in the works of Albanian authors including Buzuku, Bogdani, Bardhi etc. Focusing on these cases brings into light given aspects of noun typologies in old Albanian. Also, the evolving process of these typologies from old into modern Albanian is very interesting.[vai all'articolo] (206.76 KB)
Alessandro Parenti, Nuove datazioni di termini della linguistica
In recent years, Italian lexicographers are getting more interested in the dating of words, a work which is partially still to be done, especially as regards terms belonging to single disciplines and mainly used in non-literary texts. This paper stems from the revision of a new etymological dictionary of the Italian language by Alberto Nocentini and presents some new first datings of Italian linguistic terms.[vai all'articolo] (333.19 KB)
Attività del Dipartimento
[ via all'articolo (119.43 KB) ]